The city was named Nauplia (Ναυπλία) in ancient Greek and Latin. In Ionian Greek, it was also known as Naupliē (Ναυπλιη). In Byzantine Greek, several variants were used, including Náfplion (Ναύπλιον), Anáplion (Ἀνάπλιον), and Anáplia (Ἀνάπλια). The Turkish name of the town was Mora Yenişehri, after Morea, a medieval name for the Peloponnese, and “yeni şehir,” the Turkish for “new city”. In Italian, the town was formerly known as Napoli or Napoli di Romania, after the medieval usage of “Romania” to refer to the lands of the Byzantine Empire. In modern Greek, the town is now called Nafplio (Ναύπλιο), although English continues to employ Nafplion, Navplion, and Nauplia as well.
Nafplion is situated on the Argolic Gulf in the northeast Peloponnese. Most of the old town is on a peninsula jutting into the gulf; this peninsula forms a naturally protected bay that is enhanced by the addition of man-made moles. Originally almost isolated by marshes, deliberate landfill projects, primarily since the 1970s, have nearly doubled the land area of the city.
Design Stories Tip: If you are in Greece and its not summer Nafplio is a destination you should visit. During summer it is often hot and humid and crowded. Any other season is much more preferable.